Non-Indo-European languages include Brahui and Burushaski, a language isolate. The name Balochi or Baluchi is not found before the 10th century. The first poetry in Urdu was by the poet Amir Khusro (1253–1325) and the first Urdu book Woh Majlis was written in 1728; the first time the word "Urdu" was used was by Sirajuddin Ali Khan Arzoo in 1741. This page provides - Pakistan Population - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. The current population of Pakistan is 222,499,076, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. It is the 33rd-largest country by area, spanning 881,913 square kilometres (340,509 square miles). [48] spoken in southern Pakistan, primarily in Kalat in Balochistan. Private property is guaranteed in principle and in law. 1972, 1981, 1998, 2017 census. [49] However it has now been demonstrated that the Brahui could only have migrated to Balochistan from central India after 1000 CE. Karachi is the largest and most populous metropolitan city in Pakistan and the capital of Sindh province. Around 80% of Pakistan's population speak one or more of the various Indo-Aryan languages. The majority of southern Pakistan's population lives along the Indus River. The total population in Pakistan was estimated at 219.0 million people in 2019, according to the latest census figures and projections from Trading Economics. After the Pakistan–India war in 1971, thousands of Biharis and Bengalis from Bangladesh arrived in the Karachi, followed by Muslim Rohingya refugees[30] from Burma, and Asians from Uganda. Millions of Pakistanis that have worked in Middle East also speak Arabic as a second language. The Demographics of Pakistan are a study of the population and the people. [50], Hazaragi, spoken by the Hazaras in Pakistan, is similar to Dari. The main Iranian contributor to Brahui vocabulary, Balochi, is a western Iranian language like Kurdish, and moved to the area from the west only around 1000 CE. as of 2018. 1951 247,000 China has pledged over $60 billion in infrastructure and energy investments in a China–Pakistan Economic Corridor. [27]< Saraikis (a transitional group between Punjabis and Sindhis) speaking people make up 10.53% of the total population. However, due to rapid urbanization and modernization, the use of Urdu as a primary language is increasing, especially amongst the growing urbanized middle class of Pakistan. Hyderabad Urban Area Population History. Balochi is a provincial language spoken as the first language by about 3.5% of Pakistanis, mostly in Balochistan. It is therefore a significant cultural and ethnic melting pot. Punjabi, Hindko and Seraiki, all mutually intelligible, are classified by linguists as dialects of an Indo-Aryan speech called Lahnda,[55] also spelled as Lehnda. The large numbers of Pakistanis living in the Persian Gulf region and in other Middle Eastern countries has further increased the number of people who can speak Arabic in Pakistan. The religious breakdown of the Pakistani population is as follows: This article is about the demographic features of the population of Pakistan. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Pakistan. Hindko is similar to the northern dialects of Punjabi. Amongst the more educated social circles of Pakistan, English is seen as the language of upward mobility and its use is becoming more prevalent in upper social circles, often spoken alongside native Pakistani languages. Agriculture sector is the back bone of Pakistan creating opportunities for prosperous country. Minor improvements in the business start-up process fall far short of what is needed. Political and social instability continue to hinder economic development in Pakistan. Compiled by Ayesha Younas A Project of CSS Writing Club Pakistan’s Stance: Revolt is from Indigenous Population. Most Pakistanis speak or understand at least two to three languages and almost all Pakistanis speak or understand the national language, Urdu. It has the world's second-largest Muslim population. J. H. Elfenbein, A periplous of the 'Brahui problem', List of administrative units of Pakistan by Human Development Index, "Provisional Summary Results of 6th Population and Housing Census – 2017", "Pakistan population – Demographics of Pakistan 2016", http://www.pbs.gov.pk/content/provisional-summary-results-6th-population-and-housing-census-2017-0, http://www.pbs.gov.pk/content/population-census, https://tribune.com.pk/story/1490674/57-increase-pakistans-population-19-years-shows-new-census/, "Pakistan looks to life without the general", Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision, "Ministry of Finance – Government of Pakistan", "Pakistan: DHS 2017–18 – Key Indicators Report (English)", "World Population Prospects – Population Division – United Nations", "Killings of newborn babies on the rise in Pakistan", Human Development Indices and Indicators: 2018 Statistical Update: Pakistan, "Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab", "Pakistan Economic Survey 2018–19 Chapter 10: Education", "From South to South: Refugees as Migrants: The Rohingya in Pakistan", "New representative for UNHCR in Pakistan arrives", "Pakistan to extend stay for Afghans by one more year", "UNHCR welcomes new government policy for Afghans in Pakistan", "PAKISTAN: Tolerance wanes as perceptions of Afghan refugees change", "CCI defers approval of census results until elections", "Dari language, alphabet and pronunciation", "How Does English Language Learning Contribute to Social Mobility of Language Learners? The Sindhi language has six major dialects: Sireli, Vicholi, Lari, Thari, Lasi and Kachhi. Burushaski is a language isolate, spoken by Burusho people in Hunza, Nagar, Yasin, and parts of the Gilgit valleys in the Gilgit–Baltistan region of Pakistan. Sindhi literature is also spiritual in nature. It is believed to be the result of the northern areas of Pakistan having remained isolated in the mountain valleys from the others for centuries. During 1950–2012, Pakistan's urban population expanded over sevenfold, while the total population increased by over fourfold. The current population of Pakistan is 182,1 million people. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of … Updated January 13, 2018 In Pakistan, there are individuals of various religions, first of all, the lion’s share of which are Muslims as Islam is its state religion with the name of the “Islamic Republic of Pakistan”. Kashmiri (کشمیری) is a Dardic language spoken in Azad Kashmir, Gilgit–Baltistan and Punjab provinces of Pakistan. Added together, speakers of these mutually-intelligible languages make up nearly two-thirds of Pakistan's population. The main Iranian contributor to Brahui vocabulary, Balochi, is a western Iranian language like Kurdish, and moved to the area from the west only around 1000 CE.[50]. Share of the population of the stated age group that has pre-primary education or incomplete primary education as the highest level of educational attainment. Pakistan, populous and multiethnic country of South Asia. Brahui may or may not be a language isolate and many origins have been hypothesized for it including Iranian and Dravidian. Tensions between India and Pakistan remain high. Kalam Valley of upper Swat), Kalash (spoken by Kalash tribe), Kohistani (spoken in upper Swat and Kohistan) and Kashmiri mostly by Immigrants from Kashmir valley and by a few in the Neelum District. Karachi is the most populous city in Pakistan. Nearly all Pakistani Sunni Muslims belong to the Hanafi school, although there are some Hanbalis and Ahlul Hadeeth. It is also spoken by the majority of the population of Dera Ismail Khan District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, Kachi plain of Balochistan, northern parts of Sindh, and cities of Hyderabad and Karachi. This group is dwindling because of its age. The structure of the population by five-year age groups and gender is: The structure of the population by coarse age groups and gender is: Fertility rate (TFR) (wanted fertility rate) and CBR (crude birth rate): Source: UN World Population Prospects[16], As adultery is a crime punishable by death in Pakistan, just in the main cities 1,210 infants were killed or abandoned to die (2010), 90% of them girls and most less than a week old according to conservative estimates by the Edhi Foundation, a charity working to reverse this increasing trend. The Sheedis are Muslims and speak Balochi, Sindhi and Urdu. [32][33] Many of them were born and raised in Pakistan in the last 30 years. [56] If combined, Iranian peoples who speak Pashto, Balochi, Yidgha and Wakhi comprise about 18% of the population of Pakistan, and are concentrated in the northwest and west of Pakistan. Pakistan is the sixth most populous country in the world with its population estimated at 207.8 million in 2017. Rakshani is the major dialect group in terms of numbers. Regulatory inefficiencies, complex labor laws, and an unreliable security situation continue to burden the business environment. It is estimated that Pakistan's population was over 170,000,000 in mid 2008. Much of the economy is informal, and underemployment is pervasive. Many people mistakenly think that Muslims are divided into two halves: Sunnis and Shi'it. Government spending has amounted to 21 percent of the country’s output (GDP) over the past three years, and budget deficits have averaged 5.5 percent of GDP. Kashmiri spoken in north east Azad Kashmir and the adjacent Kashmir valley, (not to be confused with Pahari language spoken in the lower Azad Kashmir) is one of the Dardic languages that has a literary tradition that goes well back into the history whereas other Dardic languages spoken in northern Pakistan, do not have written literature. Other Indo-Aryan languages include Gujarati, Kutchi, Memoni and others. There are over 500,000[53] Gujari speakers in Pakistan. The entrepreneurial spirit of individual Pakistanis finds little support in the business regulatory environment. — Reuters/Files As coronavirus cases across the country rise, health authorities in Pakistan … The largest ethnic group is the Punjabi, with 45 percent of the total population. Migration (including immigration and emigration) decreases population by 174,360 people yearly. There are some languages that are spoken by less than a thousand people, such as Aer. Hindkowans and the Brahui, and the various peoples of the Gilgit–Baltistan, constitute roughly 4.66% of the total population. It is spoken in central and east central Balochistan. The largest Sindhi-speaking cities are Karachi, Hyderabad, Sukkur, Shikarpur, Dadu, Jacobabad, Larkana, Mirpur Khas, Thatta, Badin and Nawabshah. In 2018, the total population of Pakistan amounted to approximately 200.96 million inhabitants. Sindh and southern Punjab. Starting from 1960 total fertility rate in Pakistan fell by one half from 6.6 to 3.3, which means that today, on average, every woman gives birth to 3 children while half a century ago this figure was twice as large. Sindhi is the common language of the people of Sindh in southern Pakistan and has a rich literary history of its own, traced back to the era of the early Arab arrivals. It is spoken in parts of the Quetta district of Karachi, Islamabad, and in parts of Ziarat. Almost all Pakistanis ethnics groups belong to the Indo-Iranian linguistic group of the Indo-European branch. Modern Pakistan’s population can be divided broadly into five major and several minor ethnic groups. In the past, the country's population had a relatively high growth rate that has been changed by moderate birth rates. Lot of area in Pakistan is lying uncultivated which is boosting the tractors industry in Pakistan. The current population of Afghanistan is 39,299,994 as of Sunday, December 6, 2020, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data. The Dardic languages of Gilgit–Baltistan, Azad Kashmir and the northwestern mountains are sometimes classified by many linguists as belonging to the Indo-Aryan family. [18], Pakistan's Human Development Index (HDI) value for 2018 is in the medium human development category with a score of 0.560 (152nd rank out of 189 countries and territories) compared to 0.614 (135th rank) for Bangladesh and 0.647 (129th rank) for India. For a general overview of the citizens of Pakistan, see, Fertility rate (The Demographic Health Survey), Fertility (wanted fertility) by region 2017–18, Life expectancy in Pakistan by administrative unit, Khalid, Kanwal. Approximately 1.4 million[31] Afghan citizens (most being native Pashtuns) reside in Pakistan on a temporary bases. In recent years, the Urdu spoken in Pakistan has undergone further evolution and acquired a particularly "Pakistani flavour", often absorbing local native terminology and adopting a strong Punjabi, Sindhi and Pashto leaning in terms of intonations and vocabulary. The Arabs ruled Sindh for more than 150 years after Muhammad bin Qasim conquered it in 712  AD, remaining there for three years to set up Arab rule. [9], Pakistan's yearly population from 1950 to 2012, with estimation since last census (1998).[10]. In reality Shia are between 7.5% to 11%. [52] It shows close affinity to Punjabi and the Lahnda sub-group of Indo-Aryan tongues and can be sub-divided into a northern and southern dialects. The country has the sixth-largest population in the world and the second-largest Muslim population in the world after Indonesia. Pakistan has a multicultural and multi-ethnic society and hosts one of the largest refugee populations in the world as well as a young population. They derive their roots from the Sanskrit language of Aryan invaders and are later heavily influenced by the languages of the later Muslim arrivals (i.e., Turkish, Persian, and Arabic), and are all written in a variant of either the Arabic or Nastaliq script. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. Population is growing day by day hence increasing the more need of food, clothes and sheltering. population by sex, sex ratio, average household size and growth rate. Decrease in average yields cr Pakistan’s economic freedom score is 54.8, making its economy the 135th freest in the 2020 Index. Find out what statistics the population of the country, city, district on All-populations.com. [54] Other Indo-European languages spoken in Pakistan include Pothohari, Shina, Balti, Gujjari, Kutchi, Wakhi, Kashmiri, Marwari, Memoni, Khowar, and Dari Persian. It is the first language of most Muhajirs – Muslim refugees that arrived from different parts of India after the independence of Pakistan in 1947, and that form nearly 8% of Pakistan's population – and is an acquired language by nearly all of Pakistan's native ethnic groups. [44][45] With as high as 7 million by some estimates, the city of Karachi in Pakistan has the largest concentration of urban Pashtun population in the world, including 50,000 registered Afghan refugees in the city. The Brahui population of Balochistan has been taken by some as the linguistic equivalent of a relict population, perhaps indicating that Dravidian languages were formerly much more widespread and were supplanted by the incoming Indo-Aryan languages. The absence of any Avestan, an older Iranian language, loanwords in Brahui supports this hypothesis. Pashto is a provincial language spoken as a first language by about 15% of Pakistanis, mostly in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and in Balochistan as well as by immigrants to the eastern provinces. [19][20], 2018 Information on Pakistani provinces/regions, compared to other countries, estimated at three decimal places is provided below:[21], definition: aged 10 and over with the "Ability to read and understand simple text in any language from a newspaper or magazine, write a simple letter and perform basic mathematical calculation (ie, counting and addition/subtraction)." Gujari or Gojri (گوجری زبان) is a language closely related to Rajasthani languages, and is spoken in Azad Kashmir, Gilgit–Baltistan and Punjab KPK provinces of Pakistan. In practice, however, organized crime, corruption, a weak regulatory environment, and subversion of the legal system often render property rights precarious. All the rest (93.5%) are Sunnis (ignoring the fact the Shi'ism is a totally different religion than Islam). The judiciary is politicized and frequently issues rulings that are seen as aligned with the priorities of the military. The total value of exports and imports of goods and services equals 28.0 percent of GDP. literacy ratio by sex. Sindhi is spoken by over 36 million people in Pakistan and is the official language of Sindh province. Pakistan population density is 260.6 people per square kilometer (675.0/mi 2) as of December 2020. The absence of any Avestan, an older Iranian language, loanwords in Brahui supports this hypothesis. [41] The Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb Alamgir (1658–1707) spoke what the locals called Lashkari Zaban[42] or what the Mughals called Zaban-i-Ordu (both meaning "language of the Horde"; commonly known as Hindustani back then) fluently as did his descendants while his ancestors mostly spoke Persian and a language related to Turkish.[43]. [48] spoken in southern Pakistan, may have evolved from the original languages of Indus valley civilizations at Mehrgarh. Its overall score has decreased by 0.2 point because of a drop in the fiscal health score. [35], After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, many Muslims from India migrated to Pakistan and they are the largest group of foreign-born residents. Business Freedom 54.9 Create a Graph using this measurement, Labor Freedom 41.3 Create a Graph using this measurement, Monetary Freedom 72.5 Create a Graph using this measurement. The second-largest group of foreign-born residents consists of refugees from Afghanistan who are expected to leave Pakistan by the end of 2018. Its population growth rate of 2.40 percent is the highest in South Asia and stands in sharp contrast to the 1.0–1.5 percent growth rate of other South Asian countries. Sarhaddi, is a sub dialect of Rakshani. It has a rich literature and is used in schools. 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